The English Colonies (1600 - 1740)

Learning Goals:
State Goal 15.D.2a - explain why people/countries exchanged good and services (How the colonists made a living and what and with whom they traded)
16.E.2a - describe people in hunting, gathering - adaptation to environment (we study and look at the geography and resources that attracted people to NA)
16.A.2a - read historical stories and determine events which influence their writing (we do this in Reading and in Social Studies throughout all the units we teach)
16.D.2a - describe the motives for settling in Colonial America
16.B.2a - describe how the European colonies in NA dev. politically (we look at self-gov. in all the colonies, inc. Mayflower Compact, town meetings, etc.)
16.A.2c - collect and analyze data from historic documents, images, etc.(Mayflower compact and other imp. documents of the period)
16.A.2b - compare diff. stories about hist. figures or events - (we look at all the significant people involved in the settling of the colonies - see above information)
16.C.2a(US) - des. how slavery and ind. servitude influenced early economy of the US (we explore life on a plantation, triangular trade and the early Africans brought to the colonies as indentured servants)

Time: 8 Weeks

Themes:
Jamestown (John Smith, Pocahontas)
Reading Historical Maps
Virginia (Tobacco, Women, First Africans come to The Colony, John Rolfe)
The Pilgrims (religious freedom, Self-Government-House of Burgesses)
Traditions (Thanksgiving)
New England (Mayflower, Mayflower Compact, Indians)
Massachusetts Bay (The Puritans, Boston)
New Netherland and New Sweden (The Dutch, St. Nicholas, Peter Stuyvesant)

New England's Geography
Roger Williams and Rhode Island
Anne Hutchinson and The Puritans
Thomas Hooker and Connecticut (Fundamental Orders of CT)
New Hampshire and Maine
New England Village (Village Common, Inns, Blacksmith Shops, School, Mtg. House)
The work ethic and religious ethics of the times
Town meetings as a form of government
Fishing and trading in New England
Triangular Trade (America to Africa to The West Indies)
Slave Trade (as a business)

The Middle Colonies - Geography of - Rivers, Fall Line, Harbors And Soil
New Jersey (John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret)
New Netherland becomes New York
New Amsterdam becomes New York City
Melting pot for many nationalities (Jews, Germans, Finns, Swedes, Puritans)
John Peter Zenger (freedom of the press)
The Quakers (William Penn and Pennsylvania)
Pennsylvania Dutch - (German Immigrants, Farming, Conestoga Wagons)
The self-sufficient farm family
Middle Colonies as the Breadbasket of America
Ben Franklin and Philadelphia (Poor Richards Almanac, Penn Gazette, Libraries, 1st Volunteer Fire Dept)

Southern Colonies - Geography of (Tidewater Region, Growing Seasons)
Maryland (George Calvert, Lord Baltimore)
The Carolinas (King George II, Charlestown, Cash Crops)
Georgia (James Oglethorpe, Debtors Colony, Rice and Indigo as Crops)
Plantations in The South (Location, Purpose of, Layout of, Workers on)
New England towns and trade
Slavery in The Colonies (esp. The South, Overseers, Tobacco, Cotton)
George Washington and Virginia (Early Years, Mount Vernon)
Backcountry Virginia and The Shenandoah Valley


The Constitution and U.S. Government

Learning Goals:
State Goal 14.B.2 - Explain what government does at local, state and national levels. - We look at our National government as a whole and break it down into parts.. studying what each branch does and the main people in each branch.
14.C.2 - Describe why rights and responsibilities are imp. to the individual - We look at the Bill of Rights and Voting and where we fit into that whole picture
14.D.2 - Explain ways that indiv. and groups influence and shape public policy - We look at the people who had a hand in developing the US Constitution as well as local and state government.
14.A.2 - Explain fundamental concepts expressed in the US Constitution
14.F.2 - Identify consistencies and inconsistencies bet. expressed US political traditions and ideas and actual practices - we talk about the Bill of Rights and our freedoms today, slavery (now and then) and voting rights of all Americans and why it is important.
State Goal 16.A.2C - Ask questions and seek answers by collecting and analyzing data from historic documents (US Constitution, Article of Confederation, Bill of Rights)
16.B.2C - Identify presidential elections that were pivotal in the formation of modern political parties (we actually only talk about how presidents are elected and when and where political parties began)

Time: 3 weeks
THEMES:

  1. The Nation's First Government
    1. Remember the Ladies
      1. Abigail Adams
      2. Lack of Women's rights
    2. Articles of Confederation
    3. Northwest Ordinance
      1. 1787
      2. Way to form new states
    4. Shays Rebellion
  2. The Constitutional Convention
    1. Delegates chosen to represent
      1. George Washington-elected president of convention
      2. James Madison-Father of Constitution
    2. New Plan of Government
      1. Three Branches of Government
        1. Legislative
        2. Judicial
        3. Executive
      2. Great Compromise
        1. Republic chosen as type of government
        2. Congress divided into House and Senate
  3. The New Constitution
    1. Preamble - goals of the government
    2. Federal System of government - power is shared
    3. Checks and Balances
      1. Power of veto given to president
      2. 2/3 majority rule
    4. June of 1788 the Constitution is approved
  4. A New Government
    1. George Washington Takes Office
      1. Takes place in NY City
      2. Oath of office is administered
    2. The Bill of Rights
      1. Amendments are added
      2. Our freedoms as people of the U.S.
    3. The President's Cabinet established
    4. Rise of Political Parties
      1. Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists
      2. Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans
    5. District of Columbia is designated for the capital.
Now - some 5th grade teachers do an extensive study of the US Constitution - some only skim the surface. I tend to cover it heavily and then when we do our study of Ill. go back and compare the Ill. Constitution framework and government to our National government. We just don't have time to study both in detail so I figure they need a basis and I do that with the US framework. Anything that would have to do with either Illinois constitution/government or US would be helpful..........


Westward Expansion

Learning Goals:
State Goal 16.A.2b - Compare different stories about historical figures or events
16.B.2d - Identify major political events and leaders within the US historical eras since the adoption of the Constitution, inc. westward expansion and the Louisiana Purchase
16.D.2b - Describe the ways in which participation in the westward movement affected families and communities
16.E.2a - Describe how people in hunting and gathering and early pastoral societies adapted to their respective environments
16.C.2a - Describe how slavery and indentured servitude influenced the early economy of the U.S.

Time: 8-10 weeks including Pioneer Simulation

  1. Daniel Boone - Kentucky
    1. Cumberland Gap
    2. The Wilderness Road
    3. Boonesborough
    4. Pathfinders
  2. Thomas Jefferson - 1801
    1. Washington D.C. Built
    2. Benjamin Banneker
    3. Louisiana Purchase - 1803
    4. James Monroe
    5. Lewis and Clark Expedition
      1. Missouri River
      2. Snake River
      3. Columbia River
      4. Sacajawea
      5. Mountain Men
  3. War of 1812
    1. War Hawks
    2. James Madison - 1809
    3. Constitution Warship vs. The Guerriere
    4. Oliver Hazard Perry
  4. Star Spangled Banner - 1814
    1. Dolly Madison
    2. Fort McHenry
    3. Francis Scott Key
  5. Andrew Jackson
    1. Battle of New Orleans
    2. War of 1812 Ends
    3. Indian Removal Act
    4. Trail of Tears
      1. Osceloa
      2. Sequoyah
  6. Transportation
    1. Roads are built - early 1800's
      1. Natchez Trail
      2. Cumberland Road
      3. Boston Post
      4. Wilderness Road
      5. Upper Road
      6. Fall Line
    2. Streamboats
      1. Flatboats are replaced
      2. Robt. Fulton - 1807
      3. Clermont
    3. Erie Canal
      1. DeWitt Clinton
      2. Hudson River linked with Lake Erie
      3. Locks
    4. Iron Horse
      1. Peter Cooper
      2. "Tom Thumb"
      3. Cities are connected - New York, Chicago, New Orleans, St. Louis
  7. Growth of Factories
    1. Cotton Gin
      1. Eli Whitney - 1792
      2. Slavery increases
      3. Cotton as a cash crop
    2. Spinning Mill - 1790
      1. Samuel Slater
      2. Rhode Island
    3. Francis Lowell
      1. Waltham, Massachusetts
      2. Spinning Mill recreated
      3. Mass production
  8. Place Called Texas
    1. Texas as a part of Spain - 1820
    2. Stephen Austin goes to Texas
    3. The Alamo
      1. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
      2. Davy Crockett
      3. Jim Bowie
      4. William Travis
      5. Sam Houston
      6. San Jacinto River
    4. Texas wins its independence in 1845
  9. Moving West
    1. Oregon Trail
    2. California Trail
    3. Mormons in Utah
      1. Brigham Young
      2. Great Salt Lake
    4. War with Mexico
      1. Rio Grande
      2. James K. Polk
    5. California Gold Rush
  10. Pioneer Simulation
    A five to six week simulation game in which students are divided into 4-5 wagon train groups. They assume individual identities and begin a make-believe journey from Indep. Missouri to Hacker's Valley, Oregon. They pack a wagon train with necessary items they will need for a 6 month journey, write diary entries and experience fates along the way. Each student does a research paper revolving around the journey west as well as a challenge project (wagon train, map making, recipe trying, diaorama, etc.) The students really enjoy being a part of this experience. We also take a field trip to the Early American Museum for a program entitled Wagon's Ho!


Revolutionary War

Learning Goals:
State Goal 14.A.2 - Explain the importance of fundamental concepts expressed in major documents, Dec. of Independence, etc. - we study the Dec. of Independence, how it came to be, why it was immportant then and now.
16.B.2a - Describe how the colonies in NA developed politically- we study the structure of government that was prominent in the 13 colonies, how the colonies sought independence and set up their own formal structure of government.
16.B.2b - Identify the major causes of the Rev. War and the consequences plus the roles of Washington, Jefferson and Franklin - we discuss the Stamp Act, Pontiac's Rebellion, the Proclamation of 1763, Townsend Act, Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre, Intolerable Acts and the effects of each, as well as look at the roles each of these men played in the formation/foundation of our county.
16.A.2c - Ask questions and seek answers by collecting and analyzing data from historic documents - same as above...
16.A.2b - Compare different stories about a historical figure or event and analyze differences int he portrayals and perspective they present - we do this throughout the unit as we look at the many key figures in the Rev. War inc. Patrick Henry, Paul Revere, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, John Paul Jones, Cornwallis, Washington, Franklin and many others.

Time Frame: 4 Weeks

  1. The Colonies Grow Up

    1. Colonial assemblies and government
    2. French and Indian War
      1. Ohio River Valley
      2. Fort Duqueane
      3. Fort Necissity
      4. Militia
    3. General Braddock
      1. British Troops
      2. Red Uniforms
    4. Pontiac's Rebellion
      1. King George III of GB
      2. Proc. of 1763
    5. Stamp Act of 1765 - "No Taxation w/out Representation"
    6. Patrick Henry
      1. Virginian
      2. "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death"
    7. Sons of Liberty - Samuel Adams of Boston
    8. Townshend Acts
      1. Taxed glass
      2. Tea
      3. Paper
      4. Paint
    9. Boston Massacre - Crispus Attacks

  1. The War Begins

    1. Committees of Correspondence - John Adams
    2. Boston Tea Party
      1. Colonists as Indians
      2. Intolerable Acts of 1774
    3. First Continental Congress
    4. Lexington - "Shot Heard Round the World"
    5. Concord
      1. Minutemen
      2. Paul Revere
      3. William Dawes
    6. Fort Ticondreoga - New York
      1. Benedict Arnold
      2. Ethan Allen
      3. Green Mountain Boys
    7. Bunker Hill/Breeds Hill - 1775
    8. Second Continental Congress
      1. George Washington elected Commander in Chief
      2. Colonists declare their independence from GB
      3. Olive Branch Petition
      4. Patriots - against Great Britain
      5. Loyalists - for Great Britain
    9. British leave Boston
      1. Mercenaries hired to fight
      2. Henry Knox - cannons
    10. Thomas Paine/"Common Sense" in 1776
    11. Thomas Jefferson
      1. Virginian
      2. Declaration of Independence written
      3. Revolution - sudden, complete change in government
      4. July 4, 1776 approved
  1. Fighting for Independence

    1. Nathan Hale - treason
    2. Trenton
      1. Christmas Day 1776
      2. Washington and troops cross the Delaware
      3. Surprise attack on the Hessians
    3. Turning Point of the War
      1. Saratoga
      2. British Gen. John Burgoyne surprised
      3. French joined the American side
    4. Winter at Valley Forge
      1. Hardships and suffering
      2. Washington pleads for his troops
    5. Support for the Patriots
      1. Free and enslaved Blacks
      2. Women - Martha Washington & Mary Ludwig Hays
      3. Thaddeus Kosciuszko - Poland
      4. Marquis de LaFayette - France
      5. Friedrich von Stuben - Germany
      6. Haym Salomon - Poland
    6. Frontier War
      1. George Rogers Clark
      2. Fort Vincennes - Ohio River Valley
      3. Control of Northwest Territory
    7. War At Sea
      1. John Paul Jones
      2. American ship - Bonhomme Richard
      3. British ship - Serapis
    8. Benedict Arnold turns traitor
    9. The War Moves South
      1. Francis Marion - the "Swamp Fox"
      2. Nathanael Greene - in the Carolinas
      3. Charles Cornwallis - British General
    10. Victory at Yorktown
      1. 1781 - Cornwallis in Yorktown
      2. Washington goes to Virginia
      3. French and Americans surrounded Chesapeake Bay
      4. Cornwallis surrendered - Oct. 19, 1781