Introduction to Primary and Secondary Sources
Created By: Debbie Hohulin, Gibson City Melvin Sibley Elementary School (Gibson City, IL)
Grade Level: 4th
Content Area: Social Studies
Database Integration: Will
be used in Lesson 2
**PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS AN UNFINISHED UNIT. FEEL FREE TO USE IT TO GENERATE IDEAS AND/OR TO BUILD UPON.**
- Overhead projector
- Classroom text or encyclopedia
- Authentic photographs
- Diary page
- (variety of primary and secondary sources)
- Large chart paper
- Large felt pen
- Overhead film and markers
- 4x6 cards (with examples of primary and secondary sources glued onto them)
* Whole Group
- Invite students to gather
around the overhead.
- Build background knowledge:
ask the students what kinds of things are they really interested in?
(dinosaurs, ships, dancing, art, etc.). Ask if they know where to go
to find more information about their favorite topics.
- Tell them that today we
are going to talk about Primary and Secondary Sources. Sources we use
to get information.
- As I am saying the terms,
Primary and Secondary, I will write them on the large chart paper that
is taped on the wall.
- Show examples of Secondary
Sources. Discuss. List them under Secondary Sources on the large chart
- Next, show examples of Primary
Sources. Discuss. List them under Primary Sources on the large chart
* Small Groups
- Explain to students that
we will break up into five groups when I am done explaining the activity.
- Show them the 4x6 cards
that have examples of primary and secondary sources on them. They are
to look at them, discuss and decide which are primary and which are
secondary. Separate into two piles. They will have 6 minutes to do it.
- Dismiss into groups. While
they are working, I will go from group to group and assist where needed.
Move the large chart paper to the carpet area.
* Wrap Up
- Call them back together
and sit in a circle on the carpet.
- Have each group share about
their cards and ask them to tape them to the large chart paper under
the correct column.
- Finish by quickly reviewing
from the chart the two types of sources, Primary and Secondary.
Observe discussions during small groups and ability to recognize primary
and secondary sources with cards during wrap-up. Will be able to adjust or continue the following lessons. Also will review
video camera to evaluate teaching effectiveness.